Anxiety – Symptoms and Treatments

by Kelvin Redfield on October 9, 2011

When people are in the unfavorable or unfamiliar situation, they will feel panic and anxious. This is a very common reaction for everyone. However, if the anxiety becomes too excessive, it becomes a problem. In general, this condition is known as anxiety disorders. People with anxiety disorder are generally had unrealistic worries and fears toward something.

Many people do not aware whether they have the anxiety disorders or not. Even if they did, they usually shrugged it off, and live under the false assumption that anxiety disorder will eventually go away. Well, they are wrong. This ignorant attitude will only make their anxiety disorder growing worse than usual. The main reason why people who were suffering from an anxiety disorder did not bother to seek help from the professional or doctor is they feel embarrass to share their anxiety moments with people. They are afraid that the person who he shared his embarrassing condition with will laugh at him.

There are many types of anxiety disorders; generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, social anxiety disorder, and specific phobia but all of them do the same thing; it disrupts the victim’s life and prevents him to enjoy his social life.

Anxiety Disorder Types

1) Social anxiety disorder: People who are suffering from this disorder have a hard time to make friends, especially if the patient is a college student. The trigger for social anxiety disorder is pretty obvious and straightforward. All the social disorder symptoms will be emerged when they were surrounded by people. This is not being shy. When their anxiety get the better on them, it is literally impossible for them to have a decent conversation with people, especially with the strangers. They will stutter every time they try to open their mouth. When things are getting unbearable, they will run away from that place. The social anxiety disorders victim always under the impression that he will be judged by everyone that he met.

Going for an interview or doing a presentation in front of the crowd is the possible worst situation for social anxiety sufferers. They feel sick when they are thinking about these events. In fact, they may even give up going for the interview or doing the presentation. It does not matter whether these events are important to them or not. Also, taking a ride on a public transport such as bus or train is also something that social anxiety patients will like to avoid too. This disorder is also known as social phobia at a certain place.
Also, according to research, it suggests that there are 3 factors contributing to social anxiety disorder development.

Biological: Social anxiety disorder can be inherited from the parents. If the parents are generally pessimistic and unable to handle the bad news effectively, most likely the child of them will suffer the same fate. Another reason would be neurotransmitters. Neurotransmitters are a special chemical that send command and information to the brain. If the neurotransmitters are out of balance, the information and command cannot reach through the brain properly. This will cause your brain misinterpret the commands or information, and will lead to anxiety state.

Psychological: Experience a bad past; embarrassing or humiliating experience can lead to social anxiety disorders. This kind of things usually happens on the adolescence stage. If the kids or teenagers did not get a proper counseling from the expert during that stage, the chances for them to develop social anxiety disorder is extremely high.

Environmental: So, instead of experiencing those unpleasant events or embarrassing moments with his own, he may develop the social anxiety disorder from observing the results or outcome from others. This tends to happen on the children who have overprotective parents.

2) Generalized anxiety disorder: Unlike social anxiety disorder, people who are suffering from the generalized anxiety do not feel panic and anxious when they are in the crowd of people. However, these patients do take their worries and fears to unrealistic levels when they saw or heard something that they do not like. It is pretty normal for them to feel tense and anxious for whole days. For the severe condition, it may take a week to cool down.

On first glance, this disorder look harmless, but it is not. This disorder can be a problematic issue when it starting to take physical tolls; body ache, headache, insomnia, mentally exhausted. Under this condition, it is impossible for one to function well in any situation, whether it is working or studying. The trigger for generalized disorder is varying. Only the victim himself knows the trigger of his anxiety disorder.

3) Panic Disorder: People who have panic disorder tend to freak out or panic even if there is no real danger that they were facing. The extreme fear comes from nowhere. The common symptoms that a panic disorder sufferer going to have are trembling, sweating, dizziness, chest pain, and rapid heartbeat. The symptoms are so intense that some sufferers believe that they have a heart attack. This disorder can occur anytime, anywhere with any warning or sign. The sufferers cannot predict or foresee the incoming attack. Of course, thinking or worrying about the next attack wave make them more anxious and fear.

4) Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD): This disorder is less harmful than others disorder, but it still can be annoying and frustrating to deal with it. People with this disorder are controlled by their obsessive thoughts. For instance, if someone has obsessive thoughts about burglars, he will have the tendency to check his windows and door locks for many times before going to sleep.

5) Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): It is very common for a person to develop a post-traumatic disorder after a traumatic event or experience. The traumatic events can be death in the family, divorces, sexual abuse, being a bully victim, and natural disasters such as earthquakes. The PTSD patients tend to withdraw or lose interest on the things that they used to enjoy. They also become cold and easy to get irritated.

6) Specific Phobia: This is more straightforward disorder than others. Specific phobia is an irrational fear on specific things such as blood, spiders, stairs, elevators, high place, driving and being at narrow place. Facing any of the feared objects or situations can trigger anxiety attacks on the sufferers. Once you understand and know all anxiety disorder types, your next step is to find a suitable treatment for your disorder. Consult with professional or doctor for the guidance and best treatments for your condition.

Anxiety disorder symptoms:

Whether it is social anxiety disorder or generalized social disorder, the symptoms are pretty much similar. Here is the list of the possible anxiety disorder symptoms that one can be experienced during the attacks:

Uncontrollable trembling, excess sweating, cold hands, dry mouth, nausea, numbness, muscle tension, palpitation, shortness of breath, dizziness.

How long does these symptoms can be last is all depending on the victim’s anxiety level. Obviously, the effect lasts much longer if the victim’s anxiety level is high.

Anxiety Treatment:

As you can see, whether it is generalized or social anxiety disorder, suffering from any of them is never a good thing. The good news is that these disorders can be overcome or treated. So, if you are suspecting that you are suffering from an anxiety disorder, you should seek help from the expert or doctor as soon as possible before your anxiety disorder growing worse.

There are two types of anxiety treatment that you can choose. It is medication and natural anxiety treatment. Just as the medication implies, you take medicine to manage and overcome your anxiety disorder. As for the natural anxiety treatment, you are going to confront your fear and phobia slowly without relying on medicine.

Medication for anxiety disorder: There are 3 types of medicine prescription being used to control the anxiety disorder from attacking the victims. These drugs are known as Antidepressants, Buspirone, and Benzodiazepines. Here are some details about these medicine prescription.

1) Antidepressants: There are a number of antidepressants that are being used in managing the anxiety disorders, and they are fluoxetine (Prozac), escitalopram (Lexapro), paroxetine (Paxil), sertaline (Zoloft), imipramine (Tofranil), and venlafaxine (Effexor). The only things you should know about them is all of them are basically doing the same thing; influence the activity of the neurotransmitters, which also known as brain chemical. The effects of the antidepressants are not instantaneous. Usually, it takes more than 6 weeks to experience the full results.

2) Buspirone: Buspar is its alternative brand at certain regions. Among the 3 medicine prescription that I mentioned in this article, Buspirone is the safest drug to use to relief the anxiety disorders. It is not addictive or sedating, although you may experience some minor side-effect when using it. You may feel some lightheadedness once you took it. Just like the antidepressants, it also takes some time to be fully effective.

3) Benzodiazepines: Perhaps, this is the most effective anti-anxiety drugs when it comes to relief the anxiety disorders. It only takes 30 minutes to 1 hour to relief the anxiety disorder symptoms. The downside of this medicine prescription is the patients will experience a number of side effects. The side effects will be drowsiness, blurred vision, nausea, poor concentration and alertness, muscle weakness, and mental confusion. This is often not recommended unless the patients are suffering from the severe, critical anxiety disorders condition.

Natural Anxiety Treatment: There are a few numbers of techniques and options you can use to manage your anxiety disorders. Most of the natural anxiety treatments are free, and not to mention that they are side-effect free. The only downside of this treatment is it is not instantaneous. It takes a lot of dedication and effort to manage your anxiety disorder symptoms. But if you manage to overcome your anxiety attacks, you are basically eliminating it forever in your lifetime. Here are some of the handful techniques and tips that you can use to relief your anxiety attacks:

1) Breathing Technique: This is perhaps the most effective and simple technique you can use to manage your anxiety. If you find yourself in anxious or nervous state, you should calm down. This breathing exercise is basically a natural tranquilizer for your body. The only different between a tranquilizer and breathing exercise is the tranquilizer will lose its power over time while the breathing exercise will gradually gains in power with more practice and repetition.

Find a place and have a sit. Make sure you are seated straight. Place one of your hand on your stomach and other hand on the chest. Gently close your eye and take a long, deep breath and exhale them after a few seconds. Repeating it for few minutes until your mind is relaxed. The general concept of this breathing technique is doing it quietly, naturally, and slowly, although the depth and rhythm may vary from person to person.

2) Stress Management: Believe it or not, stress is actually contributing to the anxiety disorder. Whether the stress is from the works, studies, or financial, it can cause the person to develop an anxiety disorder, although not in a direct manner. People who are generally under the stress don’t have enough time to sleep or rest his body and mind. This will leads to mental exhaustion, and extremely suspicious to anxiety attacks. It is very easy for someone who doesn’t have adequate rest to get frustrated, angry, and tense. His body will slowly show of some of the anxiety disorder symptoms such as trembling and excess sweating for no reason and the symptoms can last for few hours, and successfully prevent him from doing his tasks.

The best way to manage your stress is to ease your mind. A healthy mind that free from any negative emotions and stresses are invulnerable to anxiety attacks. People who are underestimating this often the victim of the anxiety attacks. Don’t bother to bring your workload stresses from the office back to home. When you are at home, your solely purpose is to relax and get an adequate amounts of rest. Watching your favorite TV shows or comedies, listening to your favorite or soothing music helps to ease your mind. Sleeping at least 6 to 8 hours per day is a must.

Also, instead of wasting your body energy to cope your stresses, you should use your body energy to do some physical exercises. It can be running, playing a sport, cycling, jogging or swimming. As long as the exercise is involved with breathing and body movements, you are fine. If neither of the exercises that I mentioned in this article is suitable for you, you can try doing Yoga and Taichi.

During your working hour, if you feel a bit tired and stressed, taking a quick nap at your break time is also a good alternative. Don’t exert yourself too much on continuing your tasks. If possible, try to avoid certain foods or drinks such as caffeine, alcohol and energy drinks. These foods/drinks can be the trigger for anxiety attacks. Consuming a herb such as Valerian roots can be useful if you have a hard time to get into a deep sleep mode. It also reduces stress and agitation. Going for a massage therapy or aromatherapy is also a good solution for your body and mind to relax. These activities will ease your muscles tension and your overall blood flow.

3) Counseling and Positive Thought: Fears and worries are the major causes that contributing the anxiety disorders. It is very hard for one to see this or realize this by himself. People who are suffering from anxiety disorders, especially the one with social phobia is generally pessimistic. They were viewing everything pessimistically and always assuming the worst scenarios. While it is a good trait in a certain situation, but it can be extremely bad when it went overboard. Their unrealistic worries and fears will eventually manifest into physical forms; uncontrollable shaking, sweating, chill hands, and dizziness, and disrupting their life. To overcome this, one must learn to replace his negative thoughts slowly with positive thoughts.

The best solution is to find someone that you are close with and consult or share with them of your problems. It can be your best friends or family relatives or the doctor. In this way, you can learn what is relevant and what is not in your situation. The feedback that you can get from someone can be extremely valuable. The main purpose of the counseling is to make you feel that you are not alone, and you have someone to talk about it. This often will make you feel a lot better than keeping everything in your heart.

4) Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT): For moderate and severe anxiety disorders, the therapy treatment works extremely well and effective. Instead of suppressing or control your anxiety attacks, the CBT will completely eliminate anxiety disorders from controlling your life. The patients will learn the origin and symptoms of the anxiety disorders, analyze it, and slowly overcome it by confronting their fears and worries. There would be a mock test, scenario and experiment such as mock interview ongoing in the cognitive-behavioral therapy. The overall idea of the therapy is to teach the patients the correct responds for their fears and worries on a certain scenario by changing the way of their thinking processes.

As you can see, having an anxiety disorder is never a good thing. Without a proper control over your anxiety, it can be annoying and nuisance to your lifestyle. Whether your anxiety is at mild or moderate or severe levels, you should try to get rid of it as soon as possible. You should not ignore it and let it grows inside your body. A life without anxiety is the best thing you could ever ask for.

VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast)
VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)

Previous post:

Next post: